At a meeting in a railway car in Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne on 19 April 1917, a provisional agreement was reached between British and French Prime Ministers David Lloyd George and Alexandre Ribot, as well as Italian Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Paolo Boselli and Sidney Sonnino, to settle the Italian interest in the Ottoman Empire, in particular Article 9 of the Treaty of London. [38] The agreement was necessary by the Allies to secure the position of the Italian armed forces in the Middle East. Between 1915 and 1916, Sykes agent Lord Kitchener was in Switzerland and abroad and worked outside the war office until the untimely death of the war secretary at sea in 1916. He then worked from 1916 to 1919 in the Reich War Cabinet, in the secretariat of the war cabinet and finally as an adviser to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Tall, charismatic and energetic, Sykes was convinced of his importance to war efforts in the Middle East, as he often traveled to the region since childhood and the books, articles and reports he had written and the maps he had presented over the years to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the War Office. It was difficult to ignore or impose when Middle East affairs were discussed. For a time, he was an expert on the Middle East of the government and participated in virtually every facet of the region`s policy and strategy. These include the Sykes-Picot agreement, the Arab Bureau, the Arab revolt and the Balfour Declaration. George Curzon said that the great powers were still committed to the Organic Settlement Agreement, which concerns governance and non-interference in the affairs of the Christian, Orthodox, Druze and Muslim communities concerning the Beirut Vilayet of June 1861 and September 1864, adding that the rights granted to France in present-day Syria and parts of Turkey under Sykes-Picot , are incompatible with this agreement. [78] The agreement is seen by many as a turning point in Western and Arab relations. She denied the promises made by the United Kingdom to the Arabs[9] concerning a national Arab homeland in the region of Syria in exchange for British support for the Ottoman Empire.

The agreement was made public with others on 23 November 1917 in Moscow by the Bolsheviks[10] and repeated on 26 November 1917 in the British Guardian, so that „the British were displaced, the Arabs appalled and the Turks happy.“ [11] [12] [13] The legacy of the agreement has caused too much discontent in the region, particularly among the Denarabern, but also among the Kurds, who were denied an independent state. [14] [15] [16] [17] In the chain of agreements between France, Russia and Great Britain, Russian demands were first confirmed: France confirmed their agreement on 26 April and Britain on 23 May with formal sanctions on 23 October. The Anglo-French agreement was confirmed in an exchange of letters on 9 May and 16 May. [37] The minutes, which were adopted at a meeting of the „Big Four“ on 20 March 1919 in Paris and attended by Woodrow Wilson, Georges Clemenceau, Vittorio Emanuele Orlando, Lloyd George and Arthur Balfour, set out the British and French positions on the agreement.