For the first time in the history of international climate negotiations, adaptation has its own article in a legal text. What is even more striking is that losses and damages, which are historically considered to be an integral part of the adjustment, also do so. For many years, negotiations on adaptation, loss and damage between industrialized countries, which prioritize mitigation over adaptation, loss and damage, and developing countries, which are particularly vulnerable to the effects of climate change, have been controversial. The chronicle of the controversial discussions and negotiations that preceded these monumental articles of the Paris Agreement shows that tensions between the parties to the agreement are still present. It also highlights the negotiable points for future conferences of the parties („COPs“). This article will begin to compare the historical treatment of adaptation, loss and damage with mitigation in international climate change negotiations. The article will then analyze the treatment of adaptation, loss and damage in the Paris Agreement. The Paris Agreement, also known as the Paris Climate Agreement, is an agreement between leaders of more than 180 countries to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and limit global temperature increases to less than 2 degrees Celsius (3.6 F) above pre-industrial levels by 2100. Ideally, the agreement aims to keep increases below 1.5 degrees Celsius (2.7 F). Amendment (UNFCCC). In the end, all parties recognized the need to „prevent, minimize and address losses and damages,“ but in particular any mention of compensation or liability is excluded. [11] The Convention also takes up the Warsaw International Loss and Damage Mechanism, an institution that will attempt to answer questions about how to classify, address and co-responsible losses.

[56] The Paris Agreement was launched at the signing on April 22, 2016 (Earth Day) at a ceremony in New York. [59] After the agreement was ratified by several EU member states in October 2016, there were enough countries that had ratified the agreement to produce enough greenhouse gases in the world for the agreement to enter into force. [60] The agreement came into force on November 4, 2016. [2] The objective of the agreement is to reduce the global warming described in Article 2 and to improve the implementation of the UNFCCC through the following provisions[11] In accordance with the Paris Agreement, each country must define, plan and report regularly on its contribution to mitigating global warming. [6] There is no mechanism for a country[7] to set an emission target for a specified date,[8] but any target should go beyond the previous targets.